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Innate lymphoid cells, functions and mechanisms

Recent studies over the last 10 years have increased our understanding of functions and mechanisms which involve innate lymphoid cells (ILC)(1). These cells play crutial roles in many immune processes including protective immunity, tissue remodeling and regulation of homeostasis and inflammation.

Classified in 3 major groups (ILC1, ILC2, ILC3) based on expression of key transcription factors and production of cytokines thanks to a uniform nomenclature implemented in 2013(5), these ILC are typically associated with T helper 1 (TH1)-, T helper 2 (TH2)- and T helper 17 (TH17) type immune responses(4).

When dysregulated, the involvement of these TH cells in inflammatory process and many autoimmune and inflammatory diseases have been quickly highlighted.
You can study involvement of Innate Lymphoid Cells in many processes like protective immunity, tissue remodeling, regulation of homeostasis and inflammation by using our qPCR SignArrays.

Ebbo M. et al, Nat Rev. Immunol. 2017 / Figure 2 | Innate lymphoid cells are involved in various airway inflammatory disorders. a) In airway hyper-responsiveness and allergic asthma, b) In chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps , c) In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) d) In a murine bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis model, e) In a mouse model of H1N1 influenza virus infection.

Additionally, plasticity processes between innate lymphoid cells types have an important role in many of these diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps(2,3). Studying all these mechanisms allows to understand these outcomes and will bring paths in order to develop new therapeutic drugs.

To discover our associated products and reagents :

  1. Ebbo M. et al. Innate lymphoid cells: major players in inflammatory diseases. Nat. Rev. Immunol. (2017) 17(11):665-678.
  2. Gronke K. et al. Innate lymphoid cells, precursors and plasticity. Immunol. Lett. (2016) 179:9-18.
  3. Bal S.M. et al. IL 1β, IL 4 and IL 12 control the fate of group 2 innate lymphoid cells in human airway inflammation in the lungs. Nat. Immunol. (2016) 17(6):636-645.
  4. Serafini N. et al. Transcriptional regulation of innate lymphoid cell fate. Nat. Rev. Immunol. (2015) 15(7):415-428.
  5. Spits H. et al. Innate lymphoid cells-a proposal for uniform nomenclature. Nat. Rev. Immunol. (2013) 13(2):145-149.